Josef Hoffmann (1870–1956) studied in Vienna at the Akademie der bildenden Künste under Carl von Hasenauer and Otto Wagner (1892–95). He was then made professor at the Kunstgewerbeschule (1899–1936), but also co-founded and worked for the Wiener Werkstätte (1903–32); he later went on to teach at the Akademie der bildenden Künste (1946–47). In the course of his life, Hoffmann turned his attention increasingly to craftwork. Apart from being the co-founder of the Vienna Secession, the Künstlerbund, and the Austrian and German Werkbünde, Hoffmann’s extensive teaching activity meant that his influence was felt across an entire generation of architects. Alongside Otto Wagner and Adolf Loos, he is regarded as one of the founders of Austrian modernist architecture.