Martin Johann Schmid
Martin Johann Schmid (1898–1980) completed his course at the Graphische Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt in Vienna in 1916, before performing military service until 1918. He then studied at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna, and began to work in the atelier of the architect Ferenczi. In 1931–33, he attended the master class of Peter Behrens at the Akademie der bildenden Künste. At the Werkbund Estate, he and Josef Beber furnished house no. 55 by Gerrit Thomas Rietveld. Subsequently he worked as an independent architect and formed a partnership with Alfred Adler in Vienna (1932–38), but was also active in Berlin as a film architect. From 1951 to 1977, he worked in Krumpendorf and Klagenfurt. Schmid is regarded as a proponent of the Wiener Wohnraumkultur (Viennese Domestic Culture), which emerged from the circle around Josef Frank and Josef Hoffmann.