Gerrit Thomas Rietveld
Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (1888–1964) initially trained as a carpenter and then studied at the Museum of Applied Arts in Utrecht (1904–08). He started to work as an independent cabinet-maker in 1911, before founding an architect’s atelier in 1919. In the same year, he began his work for the journal De Stijl. Rietveld, who was a founding member of the Congrès Internationaux d’Architecture Moderne (CIAM) in La Sarraz, designed houses nos. 53–56 at the Werkbund Estate, whereby he was also responsible for furnishing no. 53. In 1944–55, he taught in Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Den Haag, and Arnheim. His engagement with the design of small-scale and core flats continued into the 1950s. Alongside Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, he was one of the most important architects of the 1920s.